Sedum telephium L. polysaccharide content affects MRC5 cell adhesion to laminin and fibronectin.
In traditional medicine the fresh leaves and juice of Sedum telephium L. are used as wound-healing promoters. Cell adhesion represents a primary event in wound repair and in tissue homeostasis, and therefore we have investigated the effect of Sedum juice and its main fractions, polysaccharides and flavonols, on human fibroblast (MRC5) adhesion to fibronectin and laminin. Our findings revealed that total Sedum juice strongly inhibited cell adhesion to laminin and fibronectin (EC50 1.03+/-0.12 mg mL(-1)). This anti-adhesive feature was concentrated mainly in the two polysaccharide fractions (EC50 values comprised between 0.09 and 0.44 mg mL(-1)). The flavonol fractions did not seem to contribute to this effect. A first attempt to elucidate the polysaccharide-related anti-adhesive feature of Sedum juice was also performed. The results confirmed that natural polysaccharides, with chemical structures different from heparin, were able to interfere with integrin-mediated cell behaviour and they contributed to the outstanding effects of Sedum juice and to the role of polysaccharides in cell-matrix interaction.