Dried leaf samples of Pyrus communis L. var. 'Conference' and Pyrus pyrifolia Burm. f. (Nakai) var. 'Shinseiki' were subjected to the successful extraction procedures using various solvents, followed by filtering and/or drying liquid plant preparations under reduced pressure. As a
Venturia nashicola is a fungal pathogen that causes Asian pear scab disease. This pathogen is of particular importance in Northeast Asian countries, where Asian pears are grown industrially. Scab disease in Asian pear is currently controlled by fungicide spraying and this situation calls for
The Panel on Plant Health performed a pest categorisation of Venturia nashicola, the causal agent of Asian pear scab, for the European Union (EU). The pathogen is a well-defined, distinguishable fungal species affecting Pyrus pyrifolia var. culta, P. ussuriensis and P.
Stemphylium vesicarium is the causal agent of several plant diseases as well brown spot of pear (BSP), which is one of the most economically important fungal diseases in European pear-production areas. In addition to the relevance of the economic impact, conidia spread widely from plant
Phacidiopycnis rot, caused by Potebniamyces pyri, is a recently recognized postharvest fruit rot disease of 'd'Anjou' pear (Pyrus communis) in the United States. To determine the timing of fruit infection in the orchard in relation to incidence of Phacidiopycnis rot during storage, fruit were
Blue mould, caused primarily by Penicillium expansum, is a major threat to the global pome fruit industry, causing multimillion-dollar losses annually. The blue mould fungus negatively affects fruit quality, thereby reducing fresh fruit consumption, and significantly contributes to food loss. P.
Inorganic copper is used as a broad-spectrum fungicide and bacteriocide on a variety of agricultural crops. After application, the copper residue typically accumulates in the upper 15 cm of soil. Data from the California Pesticide Use Reports were used to estimate the augmentation of copper in the