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This is an in vivo study using serial IM testosterone undeconate injections in participants undergoing knee surgery with limited weight bearing post-operatively which includes partial/total knee replacement, ACL reconstruction/revision, meniscal allograft transplantation and articular cartilage
Administration of exogenous testosterone as efficacious treatment for male hypogonadism has been part of medical practice for more than 50 years. Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is becoming more widely available and has seen a greater than three-fold increase in use in men 40 years and older.
Strong clinical evidence supports the use of transdermal systemic testosterone (T) treatment for Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) in menopausal women. According to preclinical studies, T is necessary to maintain the functional machinery underlying clitoral arousal response. In hypogonadal
Background The epidemics of obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and atherosclerosis are increasing worldwide. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), for a long time unnoted in the metabolic field, is becoming recognized as a condition possibly involved in the pathogenesis of these
Tissues in the genitourinary system are both androgen- and estrogen-dependent. The clitoris, vestibule, urethra, anterior vaginal wall, peri-urethral tissue, and pelvic floor are androgen-responsive. In addition, the minor vestibular glands and the major vestibular glands (Bartholin's and Skene's)
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a complex metabolic, endocrine and reproductive disorder affecting approximately 5-10% of the female population in developed countries. The developing countries like China and India, undergoing rapid nutritional transitions due to westernised diets and lifestyle
AGHD is widely recognized as a specific clinical entity and recombinant human growth hormone (r-hGH) therapy has become a standard practice since 90s thanks to its beneficial effects on body composition, muscle strength, bone mass, cardiovascular risk and patients' exercise capacity and QoL. All the
The long-term goal is to develop a rehabilitation strategy to mitigate the deleterious changes in muscle size and lower leg lean mass in persons with denervation following spinal cord injury (SCI). Currently, there is no available rehabilitation intervention following lower motor neuron (LMN)
All included patients will undergo the following:
- History & examination
- Semen analysis preintervention.
- Scrotal duplex scan of testicular vessels and testicular size .
- All interventions will be performed in the endovascular OR with set on C-ARM.
- Patient's position and comfort
the varicocele is defined as dilated and incompetent veins within the pampiniform plexus of spermatic cord. varicocele has been described as the most common surgically correctable cause of male subinfertility.this is a disease that devolops during puberty when both endocrine and exocrine function of
Liver is thoroughly involved in proteins, cytokines and interleukins synthesis and destruction. Therefore, abnormal function of endocrine organs is expected in patients with liver cirrhosis.
Hypogonadism is a frequent clinical feature in patients with liver cirrhosis. These patients have
Rotator cuff tears are currently one of the most common causes of musculoskeletal pain and disability; the biologic sequelae of a chronic tear are muscle atrophy, fatty infiltration, and intercellular fibrosis of the torn muscle-tendon unit. Recently, researchers have attempted to address the
Antidepressant medications are commonly prescribed in the USA not only for depression, but also for anxiety disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder, premature ejaculation, post-traumatic stress disorder, and neuropathic pain. Despite being widely prescribed