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Testosterone modulates seizure susceptibility in animals and humans, but the underlying mechanisms are obscure. Here, testosterone modulation of seizure susceptibility is hypothesized to occur through its conversion to neurosteroids with "anticonvulsant" and "proconvulsant" actions, and hence the
The effect of testosterone on brain excitability is unclear. The excitatory aspect of testosterone's action in the brain may be due to its conversion to estrogen via aromatase. We report herein a 61-year-old man with temporal lobe epilepsy and sexual dysfunction due to low testosterone levels. Use
Gas chromatography-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC-C-IRMS) is now established as a robust and mature analytical technique for the doping control of endogenous anabolic androgenic steroids in human sport. It relies on the assumption that the carbon isotope ratios of naturally produced
GABAergic activation of substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNR) at postnatal day (PN) 15 has sex-specific features on seizure control in vivo and electrophysiological responses in vitro. In males, the GABA(A)-receptor agonist muscimol has proconvulsant effects and induces depolarizing responses. In
In boys with epilepsy, pubertal increases in seizure frequency may be associated with rising androgen levels. The present study tested the hypothesis that testosterone (T) and/or its metabolites might affect amygdala seizure thresholds and the development of secondary generalization from amygdala
The substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNR) plays an important age- and sex-specific role in control of clonic seizures. Its involvement in control of tonic-clonic seizures is contradictory. We investigated the role of the SNR in the tonic-clonic seizures induced in male, female and neonatally
The present results refer to the action of three gonadal steroid antihormones, tamoxifen (TXF, an estrogen antagonist), cyproterone acetate (CYP, an antiandrogen) and mifepristone (MIF, a progesterone antagonist) on seizure phenomena in mice. TXF and CYP at their lowest protective dose in the
Picrotoxin (1 mg/kg, i.p.), evoked a single generalized seizure in 75% of ovariectomized rats. Pretreatment of matched pairs with silastic implants containing 100% estradiol had an anticonvulsant effect; it protected all rats against such seizures. Implants containing 10% estradiol in cholesterol
Tamoxifen (TXF; an antiestrogen), cyproterone acetate (CYP; an antiandrogen) and mifepristone (MIF; an antigestagen) did not affect kindling parameters (afterdischarge threshold, seizure severity, seizure duration and afterdischarge duration) in fully-kindled rats. TXF (50 mg/kg) and CYP (50 mg/kg),
The effects of three gonadal steroid antihormones, tamoxifen (TXF, an estrogen antagonist), cyproterone acetate (CYP, an antiandrogen) and mifepristone (MIF, a progesterone antagonist) alone or combined with conventional antiepileptics were evaluated in amygdala-kindled seizures in male and female
This study examined the descriptive epidemiology of seizure disorder in 129 male residents of a Veterans Administration Nursing Home. Eighty-seven of the residents were institutionalized because of nonpsychiatric disorders (60 for chronic neurologic diseases, and 27 for other medical conditions).
The effects of an intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of a non-selective full benzodiazepine receptor agonist, midazolam, and a neuroactive steroid, allopregnanolone, on picrotoxin-induced seizures and striatal dopamine metabolism, were studied in mice. It was found that acute i.c.v.