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Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 1999-Jul

Glyphosate effects on phenolic metabolism of nodulated soybean (Glycine max L. merr.).

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A Hernandez
J I Garcia-Plazaola
J M Becerril

Keywords

Abstract

Glyphosate is a herbicide that blocks the shikimic acid pathway. Three Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains with different sensitivities to glyphosate were used to test the effect of this herbicide on the phenolic metabolism of nodulated soybeans and on the bacteroid nitrogenase activity. Glyphosate caused an inhibition in the bacteroid nitrogenase activity that was related with the sensitivity of the nodule-forming strains. Both leaves and nodules accumulated huge amounts of shikimate and phenolic acids (mainly protocatechuic acid), indicating that the herbicide was translocated to the nodule and disturbed phenolic metabolism. However, this accumulation was not clearly related to the sensitivity of the different strains. Bacteroids from control plants were incubated with the same concentration of shikimate, and phenolic acid accumulated in glyphosate-treated plants. Despite the high levels found in nodules, they were not responsible for the decrease of the nitrogenase activity. Glyphosate by itself caused a small inhibition of the bacteroid nitrogenase activity.

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