Preclinical models in vitro and in vivo have shown that tumor hypoxia alters the malignant cell phenotype, selecting for p53 mutations, stimulating angiogenesis and metastasis, and markedly reducing the efficacy of both radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Similarly, clinical studies measuring
Therapeutic hypothermia has become the standard of care for newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in high and middle income countries. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has neuroprotective properties of reducing excitotoxicity, neuroinflammation and apoptosis in rodent models. We aim to
To evaluate the therapeutic potential of normobaric oxygen and carbogen as hypoxic-cell sensitizers, both radiosensitization in a mouse mammary carcinoma, mouse skin and kidneys, and the reduction in the proportion of hypoxic tumor cells were quantified in mice breathing air, oxygen, or carbogen.
Transfection with either hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) or heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) gene can induce neovascularization in ischemic tissues. Although expression of transfected HIF-1α gene occurs rapidly, the expressed HIF-1α protein degrades quickly, limiting its therapeutic efficacy. Meanwhile,
Hypoxia represents an endogenous pathophysiological signal underlying cell growth, adaptation and death in a variety of diseases, including ischemic heart diseases, stroke and solid tumors. A vigilant vector system depends on a gene switch which can sense the hypoxia signal occurring in ischemic
Metastasis is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Recent research has implicated tumor inflammation as a promoter of metastasis. Myeloid, lymphoid, and mesenchymal cells in the tumor microenvironment promote inflammatory signaling amongst each other and together with cancer cells to modulate
Molecular mechanisms leading to the adaptation of breast cancer (BC) cells to hypoxia are largely unknown. The anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member myeloid cell leukemia-1 (Mcl-1) is frequently amplified in BC; and elevated Mcl-1 levels have been correlated with poor prognosis. Here we
Limited range of motion (ROM) as a result of joint contracture in treatment associated with joint immobilization or motor paralysis is a critical issue. However, its molecular mechanism has not been fully clarified and a therapeutic approach is not yet established.
In the present
To investigate whether whole body hypothermia after neonatal cerebral hypoxia-ischemia (HI) could broaden the therapeutic window of intranasal treatment of IGF-1 (iN-IGF-1), postnatal day 7 rat pups were subjected to right common carotid artery ligation, followed by 8% oxygen inhalation for 2h.
Ischemia and reperfusion represent major mechanisms of tissue injury and organ failure. The timing of administration and the duration of action limit current treatment approaches using pharmacological agents. In this study, we have successfully developed a preemptive strategy for tissue protection
Obesity and Obstructive sleep Apnea (OSA) seems to bi-directional; obesity itself increases the risk of OSA, but on the other hand, OSA may also predispose the individuals to weight gain, both obesity and OSA share a common immune-metabolic link state which have a synergistic effect on the
The hypoxic microenvironment is a clinicopathological characteristic of many diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). As a transcription factor activating the gene expression involved in processes such as cell metabolism and angiogenesis, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) has a central function in
Hippocampal injury following neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) leads to memory impairments despite therapeutic hypothermia (TH). In the hippocampus, the expression of calbindin-1 (Calb1), a Ca2+-buffering protein, increases during postnatal development and decreases with aging and neurodegenerative
Previous studies have shown that, oxytocin has anticonvulsant and neuroprotective effects. One of the most important complications of Hypercapnic-hypoxia is drug resistance epilepsy. Effects of chronic intraperitoneal oxytocin treatment on gliosis, neuroinflammation and seizure activity was
To evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic implications of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in intensive care patients.
A 10-bed general intensive care unit.
Between 1 January 1992 and 31 May 1993, 61 patients prospectively identified with