T-2 toxin is a trichothecene mycotoxin produced when Fusarium fungi infect grains, especially oats and wheat. Ingestion of T-2 toxin contaminated grain can cause diarrhea, hemorrhaging, and feed refusal in livestock. Cereal crops infected with mycotoxin-producing fungi form toxin glycosides,
Five Yersinia strains, biochemically mimicking Yersinia intermedia, were isolated from patients with acute diarrheal diseases seen at the University of Lagos (Nigeria) Teaching Hospital between October 1979 and September 1982. The five isolates utilized citrate as their source of carbon and
Deoxynivalenol (DON), the most commonly occurring trichothecene in nature, may affect animal and human health through causing diarrhea, vomiting, gastrointestinal inflammation, and immunomodulation. DON-3-glucoside (DON-3G) as a major plant metabolite of the mycotoxin is another "emerging" food
To assess the effect and adverse reaction of total glucosides of paeony capsule (TGPC) in combining with citirizine for the treatment of chronic urticaria.
A total of 120 patients were assigned to two groups by lottery, 65 in the treated group and 55 in the control group. They all
To summarize the evidence from systematic reviews (SRs) on the benefits and safety of Tripterygium glycosides (TG) and total glucosides of paeony (TGP), commonly used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in China, for patients with RA.SRs of randomized
To screen the fractions from guava leaf to ascertain the effective anti-diarrhea fraction and to establish the method of quality control.
A series of samples from guava leaf were prepared through extraction and separation by solvents progressively, and their effect on the mice
Total glucosides of paeony (TGP) have been confirmed to exert anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective effects. Methotrexate (MTX) and Leflunomide (LEF) combination has a better efficacy in the treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but hepatotoxicity was observed. In this study, we
To investigate the efficacy and adverse reaction of total glucosides of paeony (TGP) in treating patients with non-systemic involved Sjögren syndrom (NSI-SS).
Retrospective study was conducted on 27 patients with NSI-SS who received TGP treatment for over two years as the TGP
Escherichia coli O157:H7 (EHEC) is a food borne pathogen, which causes diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). There is an urgent need of novel antimicrobials for treatment of EHEC as conventional antibiotics enhance shiga toxin production and potentiate morbidity and
The name Vibrio hollisae (synonym = Special Bacteriology group EF-13) is proposed for a new group of 16 strains that occurred in stool cultures of patients with diarrhea. V. hollisae is a small gram-negative rod, which is motile with a single polar flagellum. No lateral or peritrichous flagella were
Objective: To assess the effectiveness and safety of the total glucosides of paeony (TGP) on the treatment of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) by conducting a meta-analysis. Methods: Eight databases were searched from their inception to December 10, 2018 for randomized
In 1983, the vernacular name Enteric Group 77 was coined for a group of strains that had been referred to our laboratory as "possible Vibrio cholerae except for gas production." By DNA-DNA hybridization (hydroxyapatite, 32P), 8 of 10 strains of Enteric Group 77 were very highly related to the
A clinical trial of the oral form of VP 16-213 (NSC-141540), a semisynthetic podophyllotoxin, was undertaken. In 20 patients, treatment was started at 200 mg/day p.o. for 5 days; courses were repeated after a rest period of 16 days. Five patients were treated at the same dose, repeated with only
Ethnopharmacological relevance: Irinotecan (CPT-11) is a valuable chemotherapeutic compound, but its use is associated with severe diarrhea in some patients. The CPT-11 prodrug is converted into the active 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin
During active intestinal inflammation polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) transmigrate into the lumen and release 5'-AMP (J. Clin. Invest. 1993. 91:2320-2325). 5'-AMP is converted to adenosine by the apical epithelial surface with subsequent activation of electrogenic Cl- secretion (the basis of