Bioactivity-directed fractionation of the methanol extract of the roots of Ratibida mexicana resulted in the isolation of two bioactive sesquiterpene lactones, isoalloalantolactone and elema-1,3,11-trien-8,12-olide. Both compounds caused a significant inhibition of the radicle growth of Amaranthus
Ratibinolide II, a new eudesmanolide, and the known flavanone hispidulin have been isolated from Ratibida latipalearis. The structure elucidation of the new compound was unequivocally established by spectral and X-ray crystallographic analyses.
Bioassay-directed fractionation of the flowers and leaves of Ratibida columnifera using a hormone-dependent human prostate (LNCaP) cancer cell line led to the isolation of 10 cytotoxic substances, composed of five novel xanthanolide derivatives (2-4, 7, and 8), a novel nerolidol derivative (9), and