Borage (Borago officinalis L.) is an important vegetable crop for consumption in the Ebro Valley of northeastern Spain. During the autumn and spring of the last 10 years, black necrotic lesions were observed in leaf petioles of white-flowered borage plants in greenhouses and seedbeds in Zaragoza,
Borago officinalis plant is an important plant of high medicinal and nutritional values. This study designed to evaluate antioxidant activity, screen the existence of phytogenic chemical compounds and to determine the total flavonoid and phenol contents of wild and cultivated Borago officinalis.
Low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diets (LCKD) are effective for weight loss, but concerns remain regarding cardiovascular risk. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an LCKD program on serum lipoprotein subclasses.
This was a randomized, two-arm clinical trial in an
Recent studies in animal models of sepsis-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) have shown that a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet combining the anti-inflammatory and vasodilatory properties of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; fish oil), gamma-linolenic acid (GLA; borage oil)
Because vasoactive eicosanoids derived from arachidonic acid present in immune cell phospholipids promote lung inflammation in critically ill patients, novel experimental diets containing eicosapentaenoic acid from fish oil and gamma-linolenic acid from borage oil have been designed to
Arachidonic acid (AA) present in lung and liver immune cell phospholipids is the precursor of eicosanoids that promote neutrophil margination, leading to tissue injury and inflammation. Administration of novel enteral formulations low in linoleic acid (LA) and containing eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
Inhibition of digestive enzymes is one of the most widely studied mechanisms used to determine the potential efficacy of natural products as anti-obesity agents. In vitro studies reported here were performed to evaluate the inhibitory activity of formulations of edible plants from Italy
Male rats were given liquid diets by pair-feeding for 24-30 days, and phosphatidylinositols in pancreas were analyzed as derivatives of diacylglycerols and fatty acids. Addition of arachidonic acid or changing the fat component (35 energy %) in the liquid diet from olive oil/corn oil to oil from
γ-Linolenic acid (GLA) has been used as a general nutraceutical for pharmacologic applications, particularly in the treatment of skin conditions such as eczema. Four transgenic soybean lines that produce GLA at high yields (4.21% of total fatty acids, up to 1002-fold) were generated through the
The seedcakes are a potential source of natural bioactive substances: antioxidants, protein, and carbohydrates. Thus, they may scavenge free radicals and have an effect on the stratum corneum hydration and epidermal barrier function. The aim of the study was to evaluate the in vivo and ex vivo
This study was conducted to develop evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for nutrition support (ie, enteral and parenteral nutrition) in mechanically ventilated critically ill adults.
The following interventions were systematically reviewed for inclusion in the guidelines: