Stroke is one of the leading causes of disability and death globally. It occurs when a major artery is occluded in the brain and leads to death of cells within the injured tissue. (+)-Borneol, a simple bicyclic monoterpene extracted from traditional Chinese medicine, is widely used in various types
Free radical production contributes to the early ischemic response and the neuroinflammatory response to injury initiates the second wave of cell death following ischemic stroke. Edaravone is a free radical scavenger, and borneol has shown anti-inflammatory effect. We investigated the synergistic
High doses of 3-hydroxyacetanilide (3HAA), a structural isomer of acetaminophen, do not produce hepatocellular necrosis in normal male hamsters or in those sensitized to acetaminophen-induced liver damage by pretreatment with a combination of 3-methylcholanthrene, borneol, and diethyl maleate.
In a few patients diclofenac produces mild increases in serum aminotransferase activity and in rare cases may be associated with the occurrence of fulminant hepatic necrosis. Both direct toxic effects of a diclofenac metabolite and hypersensitivity reactions have been suggested as possible molecular
Jikan Mingmu Drops (JMD), a traditional Tibetan medicine containing six herbs, has been used to treat dry eye syndrome (DES) in individuals with diabetes mellitus.However, the activity of JMD ameliorates DES with diabetes mellitus has not been previously
Chamaecyparis obtusa Siebold & Zucc. f.formosana Hayata (Cupressaceae) is one of the treasured conifers in Taiwan. In this study, the wood essential oil of the species was extracted and its anti-inflammatory bioactivities analyzed. The composition analysis of the essential oil yielded a total of 57
Acyl glucuronides are reactive electrophilic metabolites implicated in the toxicity of carboxylic acid drugs. Valproyl 1-O-β-acyl glucuronide (VPA-G), which is a major metabolite of valproic acid (VPA), has been linked to the development of oxidative stress in VPA-treated rats. However, relatively