Carotenoids found in fruits and vegetables are compounds with significant biological activities. Epidemiological studies report that these compounds have significant anticancer effects, as well reducing the risk of cancer. In the present study, we aimed to determine the effects of capsanthin, an
The multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins that belong to the ATP-binding casette superfamily are present in a majority of human tumors and are an important final cause of therapeutic failure. Therefore, compounds which inhibit the function of the MDR-efflux proteins may improve the cytotoxic action of
Capsanthin and related carotenoids isolated from the fruits of red paprika Capsicum annuum L. showed potent in vitro anti-tumor-promoting activity with inhibitory effects on Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation induced by the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA).
We investigated whether components of paradicsompaprika have direct antitumor effects or inhibitory effects on cancer growth, using its water extract. We applied collagen gel droplet embedded culture drug sensitivity test (CD-DST) as a screening method, which was developed based on the
The molecular basis of interaction of selected carotenoids and xanthophylls with ascorbic acid on cancer cells was studied to determine their anticancer effects.
Drug accumulation was measured in a human ABCB1 gene-transfected mouse lymphoma cell line and in a human lung cancer
Various natural carotenoids, besides beta-carotene, were proven to have anticarcinogenic activity, and some of them showed more potent activity than beta-carotene. Thus, these carotenoids (alpha-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, lycopene, beta-cryptoxanthin, fucoxanthin, astaxanthin, capsanthin,
As one of the main micronutrients in vegetables and fruit carotenoids are almost daily intaken in significant quantity. Although the pharmacological roles of carotenoids in the prevention and reduction of cancer incidence have received more and more attention, the exact molecular mechanisms
The in vitro inhibitory effect of Beta vulgaris (beet) root extract on Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) induction using Raji cells revealed a high order of activity compared to capsanthin, cranberry, red onion skin and short and long red bell peppers. An in vivo anti-tumor promoting
The intake of a carotenoid-rich diet is epidemiologically related to a lower risk for different chronic disorders like cardiovascular disease, some types of cancer or age-related macular degeneration. Red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) and its dietary products contain a variety of carotenoids, which
Carotenoid fractions were extracted from red paprika, Valencia orange peel and the peel of Golden delicious apple. Thus, hypophasic carotenoids of paprika (PM1), orange (PM3) and apple (PM4), and epiphasic extractions of paprika (PM2) and apple (PM5) were obtained by extraction, saponification and
Chili peppers are one of the most widely consumed spices worldwide. However, research on the health benefits of chili peppers and some of its constituents has raised controversy as to whether chili pepper compounds possess cancer-promoting or cancer-preventive effects. While ample studies have been
Epidemiological and clinical studies have revealed that vitamin A and its derivatives (carotenoids and retinoids) can reduce the risk of ovarian tumours and may have a role in the metabolism of patients with ovarian cancer. The aim of the study was identification and quantitative assessment of
Ineffectiveness of anticancer drugs is frequently observed in cancer chemotherapy. The resistance of tumor cells to various cytotoxic drugs is defined as multidrug resistance (MDR). The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential reversal effect of some synthetic and natural
In this review, carotenoids from plants are described, and their natural existence is addressed. Carotenoids are 40-carbon isoprenoid molecules that produce the red, yellow, and orange pigmentation found in nature. Various plants, microalgae, bacteria, and fungi are natural sources of carotenoids
The multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins that belong to the ATP-binding cassette superfamily such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and MRP1, are present in a majority of human tumors and constitute an important cause of therapeutic failure. Selective inhibitors of the MDR-efflux proteins may improve the