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Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a chronic immune-mediated disease of medium-to-large sized arteries that affects older adults. GCA manifests with arthritis and occlusive symptoms of headaches, stroke or vision loss. Macrophages and T-helper lymphocytes infiltrate the vascular wall and produce a
Dietary cells and the vitamins B12 and folate are necessary for the production of the red blood cells (erythrocytes), which carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissues and carbon dioxide from tissues to lungs. Deficiency of either one results in anaemia, which is characterised by low haemoglobin
Migraines are a common disease with limited treatment options and some dietary factors are recognized to trigger headaches. Although migraine pathogenesis is not completely known, aberrant DNA methylation has been reported to be associated with its occurrence. Folate, an essential micronutrient
Vitamin B12 deficiency and folate deficiency are common causes of macrocytic anaemia and both are important for many cellular processes. These deficiencies could be due to inadequate dietary intake, impaired absorption or drug ingestion. We present a case of a 47-year-old male with a history of
In this case report, a 26-year-old pregnant woman presented with headache, visual disturbances, mega-loblastic anaemia, thrombocytopenia and proteinuria in her third trimester. These symptoms were initially misinterpreted as HELLP-syndrome, but due to normal blood pressure and liver function the
To examine the association of childhood headache disorders with markers of risk for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease.
Information was collected on severe or recurrent headache or migraine in childhood or adolescence and on biomarkers predictive of vascular
Methotrexate (MTX) is an antifolate agent that is often associated with toxicity. This study investigated whether risk genotypes for folate-dependent enzymes are associated with the toxicity of MTX in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Blood was collected for analysis in a
Farletuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody against folate receptor α (FRA). The purpose of the study is to assess safety and tolerability, the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile, and preliminary antitumor effect. Patients with ovarian cancer (OC) or FRA-expressing solid tumors who are resistant to
The C677T variant in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase ( MTHFR ; EC 220.127.116.11) enzyme, a key player in the folate metabolic pathway, has been associated with increased risk of migraine with aura. Other genes encoding molecular components of this pathway include methionine synthase (
There is a possible relationship between migraine and hypercoagulability inducing factors, such as hyperhomocysteinemia. In this context, homocysteine(Hcy) lowering vitamins(B6-folate-B12) may prove beneficial in the management-prophylaxis of migraine. We performed a systematic literature search in
Comprehensive diets do not require the exclusion of a specific provocative food or ingredient, but regulate the quantities of core components of foods such as vitamins, ions, proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.
To review the evidence supporting the use of comprehensive diets in
Methotrexate has a long history of use in the treatment of various immunologic diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis. Although the drug is usually prescribed by a subspecialist, a family physician may assume responsibility for monitoring methotrexate therapy. Major toxic effects,
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVT) is notoriously known for its varied presentations and extremely high risk of mortality, if remains undetected and untreated. On the other hand, life can be saved with full functional recovery if CVT can be identified with high index of clinical suspicion with
Elevated plasma homocysteine levels are associated with an increased risk of deep vein thrombosis. Herein we report a case of familial hyperhomocysteinemia-related cerebral venous sinus thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in a 21-year-old man who presented with severe headache over bilateral frontal
In July 1996 a 43-year-old illiterate Hispanic woman presented with uncontrollable vomiting, palpitations and confusion. In 1994, despite several hospitalisations in other medical centres where a cerebral CT-scan, oesogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy and abdominal ultrasound were performed, no