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starch/accident vasculaire cérébral

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Stroke volume-directed administration of hydroxyethyl starch or Ringer's acetate in sitting position during craniotomy.

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BACKGROUND To determine the volumes required for stable haemodynamics and possible effects on the coagulation, we studied stroke volume (SV)-directed administration of hydroxyethyl starch (HES 130 kDa/0.4) and Ringer's acetate (RAC) in neurosurgical patients operated on in a sitting
BACKGROUND This study was performed to investigate the clinical effects of a 4-day volume therapy with a newly developed, 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 versus crystalloid solution, with particular regard to systemic and cerebral hemodynamics, rheology and safety. METHODS In a randomized,
OBJECTIVE General anesthesia in the prone position is associated with hypotension. We studied stroke volume (SV)-directed administration of hydroxyethyl starch (HES 130 kDa/0.4) and Ringer’s acetate (RAC) in neurosurgical patients operated on in a prone position to determine the volumes required for

Hydroxyethyl starch 200/0.5 reduces infarct volume after embolic stroke in rats.

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OBJECTIVE We evaluated isovolumic hemodilution with hydroxyethyl starch 200/0.5 in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia. This compound avoids the unfavorable viscosity and erythrocyte aggregation abnormalities of low molecular weight dextran during administration over a period of several

A Comparative Study Between Modified Starch and Xanthan Gum Thickeners in Post-Stroke Oropharyngeal Dysphagia.

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Thickeners are used in post-stroke oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) as a compensatory therapeutic strategy against aspirations. To compare the therapeutic effects of modified starch (MS) and xanthan gum (XG) thickeners on swallow safety and efficacy in chronic post-stroke OD patients using clinical and
BACKGROUND Hypervolemic hemodilution (HH) with hydroxyethyl starch (HES) significantly increases cerebral blood flow and thus may reduce ischemic tissue damage in the penumbra zones when given within the therapeutic time window. The objective of this study was to investigate the safety of a 10%

Effect of fluid loading with normal saline and 6% hydroxyethyl starch on stroke volume variability and left ventricular volume.

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OBJECTIVE The aim of this clinical trial was to investigate changes in stroke volume variability (SVV) and left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) after a fluid bolus of crystalloid or colloid using real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3D-TEE) and the Vigileo-FloTrac™

Complications of hydroxyethyl starch in acute ischemic stroke and other brain injuries.

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Serious complications of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) administration have been repeatedly demonstrated in clinical trials of acute ischemic stroke and other brain injuries. Such complications have prompted the premature termination of several randomized trials. Coagulopathy and bleeding have been the
BACKGROUND Increased systemic cytokines and elevated brain levels of monoamines, and hydroxyl radical productions are thought to aggravate the conditions of cerebral ischemia and neuronal damage during heat stroke. Dexamethasone (DXM) is a known immunosuppressive drug used in controlling

Effects of hypertonic saline hydroxyethyl starch solution and mannitol in patients with increased intracranial pressure after stroke.

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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate a protocol with hypertonic saline hydroxyethyl starch (HS-HES) and mannitol in stroke patients with increased intracranial pressure (ICP). METHODS We studied 30 episodes of ICP crisis in 9 patients. ICP crisis was defined as (1) a
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to find out the effect of various doses of hydroxyethyl starch (HES), gelatine or Ringer's acetate on cardiac and stroke volume index after cardiac surgery. METHODS Three consecutive boluses (each 7 mL·kg(-1)) of either 6% HES 130/0.4, 4% gelatine, or

Hemodynamics of stroke patients under therapy with low molecular weight hydroxyethyl starch.

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In stroke penumbra perfusion depends passively on hemodynamics. So far hemodynamic effects of low molecular weight hydroxyethylstarch (HES) has not been investigated. Ten stroke patients received hypervolemic HES therapy. Cardiac output and heart rate were monitored using the bioimpedance method,

Influence of long-term volume therapy with hydroxyethyl starch on leukocytes in patients with acute stroke.

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A repeated administration of hydroxyethyl starch affects hemostasiological and rheological factors such as the concentration of factor VIII/von Willebrand factor, platelet volume and plasma viscosity. An earlier study showed that HES also lowers the concentration of fibronectin, a molecule important
In 21 patients with ischaemic strokes we have monitored plasma viscosity, total plasma concentration, numeric average molecular weight (Mn), and weight average molecular weight (Mw) of Dextran 40 (dextran) and hydroxyethylstarch 200/0.5 (HES) during 10 days of treatment (days 1-4, 2 X 500 ml; days
OBJECTIVE Postinduction hypotension during general anaesthesia could be corrected by a rapid cardiac preload optimization by fluid infusion. The type of fluid to be used in this context remains debated. The aim of our study was to compare the amount of fluid challenges required to optimize stroke
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